• IdentificationPUBLIC "-//The Art Institute of Chicago::Ryerson and Burnham Archives//TEXT(US::ICA::1993.1::FRANZ LIPP (1897-1996) PAPERS, 1930-1997)//EN" "ica199301.xml"
  • TitleLipp, Franz (1897-1996), 1930-1997
  • PublisherRyerson and Burnham Archives, Ryerson and Burnham Libraries, The Art Institute of Chicago,
  • Language
    • English
    • English.
  • Date1930-1997
  • Physical Description
    • 2.5 linear feet (5 boxes)
    • Black and white and color photographic prints, slides, transparencies, and analog audiocasettes
  • RepositoryRyerson and Burnham Archives, Ryerson and Burnham Libraries, The Art Institute of Chicago 111 S. Michigan Ave. Chicago, IL 60603-6110 (312) 443-7292 rbarchives@artic.edu http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/rbarchives/rbarchives.html
  • AbstractThis collection includes images and other papers documenting German-American landscape architect Franz Lipp's designs for residential, commercial, and institutional properties primarily in the Upper Midwest.
  • OriginationLipp, Franz, 1897-1996
  • LocationThe collection is housed in the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries' on-site stacks.

Born in Leipzig, Germany, Franz Lipp graduated from high school at the age of sixteen and left home to seek his fortune sailing around the world aboard merchant ships. For the duration of World War I, he was detained with his fellow crewmates in New South Wales, Australia, where Lipp learned basic horticulture and engineering from other German internees. At the war's end, Lipp returned to Germany to begin formal study in horticulture with Karl Foerster. Encouraged by his professors, Lipp traveled to Boston in 1921 to study with E.H. Wilson at Harvard's Arnold Arboretum. Intrigued by the work of distinguished landscape architect Jens Jensen, Lipp moved to Chicago in 1923 to work briefly as a construction supervisor for Jensen. After leaving to work for several landscape architects on the East Coast, Lipp returned to Chicago to establish an independent practice in landscape architecture in 1928. Lipp worked steadily throughout the Depression, but took a sabbatical during World War II to undertake a monumental photographic survey of Yellowstone National Park. Those photographs were eventually exhibited at the Art Institute in 1951. After the war, Lipp returned to landscape design in conjunction with landscape engineer Carl Pathe. Lipp was joined by Marvin "Bud" Wehler in 1959, who became a partner in the firm in 1970, although Lipp remained chief designer until retiring in 1981.

Lipp's reputation was made through his work for commercial buildings, shopping centers, hospitals, schools, and churches throughout the Midwest. He maintained long-standing relationships with many of Chicago's noted architectural offices, including Holabird and Root; Perkins and Will; Schmidt, Garden and Erikson; Paul Schweikher and Winston Elting; Loebl, Schlossman and Bennett; and Ernest A. Grunsfeld, III. Lipp also created many landscapes for architect Harold Spitznagel, of Sioux Falls, South Dakota. A significant number of Lipp's designs were developed over an extended period of time; his work for Colonel Robert R. McCormick's estate, "Cantigny," in Wheaton, Illinois, continued for nearly ten years, and Lipp received commissions from the Kohler Family, of Kohler, Wisconsin, for nearly thirty years.

In recognition of his contributions to the profession of landscape architecture, Lipp was awarded national honors from the American Association of Nurserymen in 1968 and 1971, the Hutchinson Medal from the Chicago Horticultural Society in 1977, and a Distinguished Service award from the Chicago Chapter of the American Institute of Architects in 1980. Lipp died in Wheaton, Illinois, in 1996.

This collection documents Franz Lipp's life and career through color and black and white photographs and photostats, a biographical scrapbook, an audio-taped memorial service, and audio-taped interviews with Lipp's wife and colleagues that were conducted by Art Institute of Chicago guest curator Annemarie van Roessel in preparation for her 1997 exhibition, The Modern Midwest Landscape: Gertrude Kuh and Franz Lipp.

SERIES I: PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINTS AND TRANSPARENCIES. Includes copy photographs of some drawings, plus many views of completed landscape design; organized alphabetically by project name. Box 3 contains mounted photographs from a separate portfolio.

SERIES II: SLIDES. Views of completed landscape design; organized alphabetically by project name.

SERIES III: BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION. A portrait photograph of Franz Lipp is followed by a scrapbook of correspondence, job lists, and articles by or about Lipp.

SERIES IV: NEGATIVES. This series is restricted. All images are represented in print format in Series I.

SERIES V: AUDIO TAPES. This series is restricted. An analog audio-taped recording of the memorial service for Franz Lipp is followed by analog audio-taped recordings of interviews with Lipp's widow, Josephine Vaux Lipp, and other colleagues, in alphabetical order by last name.

  • Names
    • Lipp, Franz, 1897-1996
    • Lipp, Franz, 1897-1996--Archives
    • Landscape architecture--United States--History--Sources
  • Subject
    • Landscape photography--United States--History--Sources
    • Landscape design--Illinois--History--Sources
    • Landscape architects--Illinois--Archives
    • Gardens--Design--History--Sources
    • Photographers--Illinois--Chicago--Archives





Century of Progress Collection (00.18)

Historic Architecture and Landscape Image Collection (00.20)

With the exception of the audio tape cassettes, which are restricted from patron use at this time, the collection may be used by qualified readers in the Reading Room of the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries at The Art Institute of Chicago. Collections maintained on-site are available for patron use without prior arrangement or appointment. Collections maintained in off-site storage will be retrieved with advance notification; please consult the Archivist for the current retrieval schedule. For further information, consult http://www.artic.edu/aic/libraries/rbarchives/rbarchaccess.html

The Art Institute of Chicago is providing access to the materials in the Libraries' collections solely for noncommercial educational and research purposes. The unauthorized use, including, but not limited to, publication of the materials without the prior written permission of the Art Institute is strictly prohibited. All inquiries regarding permission to publish should be submitted in writing to the Archivist, Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago. In addition to permission from the Art Institute, permission of the copyright owner (if not the Art Institute) and/or any holder of other rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) may also be required for reproduction, publication, distribution, and other uses. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of any item and securing any necessary permissions rests with the persons desiring to publish the item. The Art Institute makes no warranties as to the accuracy of the materials or their fitness for a particular purpose.

Franz Lipp Papers, Ryerson and Burnham Archives, The Art Institute of Chicago.

The collection was donated to the Ryerson and Burnham Archives by Franz Lipp in 1993. Additional materials were given by Lipp's colleagues Marvin Wehler and Jim and Margaret Young, and by Art Institute of Chicago researcher Annemarie van Roessel, as noted in the collection inventory.

The collection was processed by the Ryerson and Burnham Archives in 1997 and 1998; additional materials were added and the finding aid revised in 2002 by Annemarie van Roessel. The finding aid was further revised in 2003 by Annemarie van Roessel.