• IdentificationMidwest MS Mowrer P
  • TitleInventory of the Paul Scott Mowrer Papers, 1894-2007, Bulk 1912-1971 Midwest.MS.Mowrer P
  • PublisherThe Newberry Library - Modern Manuscripts
  • RepositoryThe Newberry Library - Modern Manuscripts
  • Physical Description8.0 linear feet (13 boxes, 1 oversize box, and 1 artifact)
  • Date
    • Bulk, 1912-1971
    • 1894-2007
  • Location1 26 4
  • AbstractCorrespondence, works, photographs and personal materials related to Paul Scott Mowrer, Pulitzer Prize-winning foreign correspondent, author, newspaper editor, and poet. Mowrer was Paris correspondent for the Chicago Daily News beginning in 1910, headed the foreign news service until 1934, and editor of the paper from 1935-1944. He was foreign editor of the New York Post from 1944-1947. An accomplished poet, Mowrer published nine books of poetry and was named first poet laureate of New Hampshire in 1967.
  • OriginationMowrer, Paul Scott, 1887-1971

Gift of Paul Scott Mowrer, 1957. Additional gifts from Richard Scott Mowrer, 1989, 1991, 1992, 2005, 2012.

The Paul Scott Mowrer Papers are open for research in the Special Collections Reading Room; 1 box at a time (Priority III).

The Paul Scott Mowrer Papers are the physical property of the Newberry Library. Copyright may belong to the authors or their legal heirs or assigns. For permission to publish or reproduce any materials from this collection, contact the Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections.

Paul Scott Mowrer Papers, The Newberry Library, Chicago.

Kelly Kress, 2007, 2015.

This inventory was created with the generous support of the National Endowment for the Humanities. Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this inventory do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Pulitzer Prize-winning foreign correspondent, newspaper editor, and poet.

Paul Scott Mowrer was born in Bloomington, Illinois, on July 14, 1887, to Rufus and Nell Scott Mowrer. The family later moved to Chicago, where Mowrer attended Hyde Park High School. He began writing poetry at age 14, and also contributed to the school newspaper, The Spectator. After graduating in 1905, Mowrer worked briefly as a picture chaser for the Chicago Daily News before attending the University of Michigan. After a few years of college he returned to the Chicago Daily News in 1908 to work as a reporter.

In 1910, Mowrer was sent to Paris at the age of 22 as part of the Chicago Daily News' nascent foreign news service. He remained for twenty-four years, covering the the first Balkan War in 1912-1913, then directing the Daily News war service in France during World War I, and the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. In 1924, Mowrer traveled to the Rif area of Morocco to report on the region's war with Spain. Mowrer published his first books during this time: the poetry volumes Hours Of France (1918) and The Good Comrade (1923), as well as the political analyses Balkanized Europe: A Study In Political Analysis And Reconstruction (1921) and Our Foreign Affairs: A Study In National Interest And The New Diplomacy (1924).

While overseas, Mowrer was awarded the French Légion d'honneur in 1918, and was promoted to Officer in 1933. In 1929, he also received the first Pulitzer Prize awarded for foreign reporting.

Mowrer was married to Winifred Adams from 1909-1932, and the couple had two children: Richard Scott, born in 1911 and David Adams, born in 1912. In 1933 Mowrer married Hadley Richardson Hemingway, previously the first wife of Ernest Hemingway.

The couple left Europe in 1934 for Chicago, where Mowrer became chief editorial writer of the Chicago Daily News, then editor from 1935-1944. In 1944, Mowrer accepted a position as the foreign editor of the New York Post in Paris, and also briefly established a Paris edition of the paper called the Paris Post. Mowrer also published a volume of poetry, Poems Between Wars, in 1942 as well as his autobiography, The House of Europe, in 1945.

In order to focus on his poetry, Mowrer retired from newspaper work in 1947 and the couple returned to the United States, relocating to Chocorua, New Hampshire in 1949. During this time Mowrer wrote numerous articles and published nine books of poetry: On Going To Live In New Hampshire, 1953; And Let The Glory Go, 1955; Twenty-one And Sixty-five, 1958; The Mothering Land, 1959, High Mountain Pond, 1962; School For Diplomats, 1964; This Teeming Earth, 1965; The Island Ireland, 1966; and The Poems of Paul Scott Mowrer 1918-1966, 1968. He also published two volumes for theater: Fifi; Or, Something Entirely New; A Comedy In One Act in 1956 and Six Plays in 1967.

In 1967, Mowrer was named the first poet laureate of New Hampshire, and in 1969 wrote the poem "New Hampshire Hills," which was set to music and later designated an honorary state song. Paul Scott Mowrer died in 1971, en route to New Hampshire from a vacation in South Carolina.

Correspondence, works, and personal materials related to Paul Scott Mowrer's life and career. Much of the correspondence deals with Mowrer's poetry, though there are a few letters from his time as a reporter. Works encompass the many directions he took as a writer, including newspaper clippings of his dispatches from Europe, excerpts from his published books, short stories, opinion columns for the New York Post, and poetry. In addition to writing verse, Mowrer also wrote numerous critical essays concerning poetic methods and traditions. Mowrer was a staunch defender of a traditional approach to poetry, and his dislike of modernist conventions is reflected in his writings about poetry, and his correspondence with other poets and editors.

There is a series of photographs taken by Mowrer while he was traveling in the Balkans and Morocco, photos from the French front during World War I, and photos of Mowrer and his family. Also included are audio recordings of Mowrer reading his poetry.

Narrative descriptions of the subject matter, types of material, and arrangement of each series are available through the Organization section of the finding aid.

Papers are organized in the following series:

Title Box Series 1: Correspondence Boxes 1-2 Series 2: Works Boxes 3-8 Series 3: Personal Boxes 9-10 Series 4: Scrapbooks Box 11 Series 5: Photographs Box 12 Series 6: Recordings Box 13 Series 7: Artifacts

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Newberry Library's public catalog. Researchers desiring additional materials on a particular topic should search the catalog using these headings.

  • Names
    • Bogan, Louise, 1897-1970
    • Chicago Daily News, Inc.
    • Ciardi, John, 1916-1986
    • Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, 1835-1910
    • Hemingway, Mary Welsh, 1908-
    • Hillyer, Robert, 1895-1961
    • Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894
    • Légion d'honneur (France)
    • Mowrer, Edgar Ansel, 1892-1977
    • Mowrer, Hadley Hemingway, 1891-1979
    • Mowrer, Lilian T., (Lilian Thomson), 1889-1990
    • Poetry Society of New Hampshire.
    • Sarton, May, 1912-1995
    • Untermeyer, Louis, 1885-1977
    • Van Doren, Mark, 1894-1972
    • Vildrac, Charles, 1882-1971
  • Subject
    • American poetry -- 20th century -- History and criticism
    • Chicago
    • Fishing stories
    • Foreign news
    • Journalism
    • Literature
    • Manuscripts, American -- Illinois -- Chicago
    • Poetry, Modern -- 20th century -- History and criticism
    • Pulitzer Prizes
    • Rif Revolt, 1921-1926
    • World War, 1914-1918 -- Journalists
    • World War, 1914-1918 -- Photography
  • Geographic Coverage
    • Balkan Peninsula
    • Balkan Peninsula -- History --War of 1912-1913
    • London (England)
    • New Hampshire -- Poetry
    • Paris (France)
    • Rif Mountains (Morocco)
    • United States -- Foreign relations