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  • Collection ID ARCHIVES CWGAR
  • Creator Names Grand Army of the Republic.
  • Title Grand Army of the Republic Collection, 1785-1957, bulk 1860-1866.
  • Physical description 10 linear ft.
  • Collection arrangement Items are physically arranged numerically by accession number.
  • Access and usage restrictions Available for research in the Special Collections and Preservation Division Reading Room of the Chicago Public Library.
  • Collection summary Material in this collection predominantly relates to the American Civil War its battles, rank and file soldiers, leaders and veterans. A large portion of this material focuses on the experience of soldiers and leaders from Illinois through letters and diaries. Other major topics in this collection include slavery throughout the world in the centuries leading up to the Civil War; Abraham Lincoln; and the veterans group, the Grand Army of the Republic, especially its Illinois Departments. Further documentation of the Civil War appears in ephemera, songs and poems, images, patriotic envelopes and currency.
  • Biographical or Historical Note Near the end of 1860, South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union. Within a few months, ten more states had seceded. The American Civil War officially began April 12, 1861, at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. Illinois participated on the Union side by sending hundreds of thousands of troops into battle. Many military and political leaders trace their roots to Illinois. The war lasted nearly four years, ending on April 9, 1865, when the Confederacy surrendered. A few days later, on April 14, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
  • Finding Aids Note Finding aid available in the Reading Room of the Special Collections and Preservation Division and on the Library's website.
  • Acquisition information These materials are gathered together because they are all related to the American Civil War. They were acquired through a variety of means over the years. Those items with accession numbers beginning with "72" were originally part of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) Collection. The items with accession numbers beginning with a number other than "72" were either donated to or purchased by Chicago Public Library.
  • Geographic coverage
    • Illinois History Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • Illinois History Civil War, 1861-1865 Personal narratives.
    • Illinois History Civil War, 1861-1865 Sources.
    • United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Military currency.
    • United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Personal narratives.
    • United States History Civil War, 1861-1865.
    • United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Campaigns.
    • United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Poetry.
    • United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Songs and music.
    • United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Sources.
    • United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Veterans.
    • United States Armed Forces Military life 19th century.
    • Illinois. fast (OCoLC)fst01205143
    • United States. fast (OCoLC)fst01204155
    • United States Confederate States of America. fast (OCoLC)fst01205435
  • Subjects
    • Money Confederate States of America.
    • Slavery United States History 19th century.
    • Soldiers Illinois 19th century Diaries.
    • Soldiers Illinois 19th century Correspondence.
    • Armed Forces Military life. fast (OCoLC)fst01351813
    • Military campaigns. fast (OCoLC)fst01710190
    • Military currency. fast (OCoLC)fst01021070
    • Money. fast (OCoLC)fst01025265
    • Slavery. fast (OCoLC)fst01120426
    • Soldiers. fast (OCoLC)fst01125233
    • Veterans. fast (OCoLC)fst01165710
  • Names
    • Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.
    • Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. fast (OCoLC)fst00030184
    • American Civil War (1861-1865) fast (OCoLC)fst01351658
    • Grant, Ulysses S., 1852-1929.
    • Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.
    • Porter, Fitz-John, 1822-1901.
    • Realf, Richard, 1834-1878.
    • Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898.
    • Ruggles, Daniel, 1810-1897.
    • Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888.
    • Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891.
    • Stanley, David Sloane, 1828-1902.
    • Grand Army of the Republic.
    • Grand Army of the Republic. Department of Illinois.
    • United States. Army. Illinois Cavalry Regiment, 9th (1861-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 11th (1861-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 14th (1861-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 24th (1861-1864)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 31st (1861-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 36th (1861-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 51st (1861-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 63rd (1862-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 74th (1862-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 77th (1862-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 88th (1862-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 96th (1862-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 101st (1862-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 102nd (1862-1865)
    • United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 126th (1862-1865)
    • United States. Army. Indiana Infantry Regiment, 35th (1861-1865)
  • Genre
    • Diaries. fast (OCoLC)fst01423794
    • History. fast (OCoLC)fst01411628
    • Music. fast (OCoLC)fst01423855
    • Personal narratives. fast (OCoLC)fst01423843
    • Poetry. fast (OCoLC)fst01423828
    • Records and correspondence. fast (OCoLC)fst01423917
    • Sources. fast (OCoLC)fst01423900
  • Finding aid URL http://www.chipublib.org/fa-american-civil-war-documents-manuscripts-letters-and-diaries-and-grand-army-of-the-republic-collection/ Finding aid