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  • Collection ID ARCHIVES 1992/09
  • Creator Names Joyner, Marjorie Stewart, 1896-1994.
  • Title Papers, 1898-1993
  • Physical description 67 linear feet.
  • Collection arrangement Materials are arranged in sixteen series, Biography and Family History, Manuscripts, Correspondence, Mme. C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company and Mme. C.J. Walker Beauty Colleges UBSOTA [United Beauty School Owners and Teachers Association] and Alpha Chi Pi Omega Sorority and Fraternity, Travels Abroad, Chicago Defender Charities/Bud Billiken Parade Files, Cosmopolitan Community Church, Bethune-Cookman College, Politics, General, Organizations, Other, Programs, General, Audiovisual Materials, Serials, Photographs and Memorabilia
  • Access and usage restrictions Available for research in the Vivian G. Harsh Research Collection of Afro-American History and Literature, Carter G. Woodson Regional Library, Chicago Public Library.
  • Collection summary A wide vareity of materials span nearly seventy years, from the early 1920s to the early 1990s. Included are materials related to Mme C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company and Beauty Schools, UBSOTA (United Beauty School Owners and Teachers Association), Alpha Chi Pi Omega, Chicago Defender Charities, Cosmopolitan Community Church, and Bethune-Cookman College. Of note the WWII photographic series and materials related to the Bud Billiken parades. Most of the series are arranged chronologically.
  • Biographical or Historical Note Marjorie Stewart Joyner (1896-1994) was the first African American graduate from Chicago's A.B. Mollar Beauty School. At the same time she opened her own beauty shop at 55th and State Streets. She also worked closely within Mme. CJ Walker's beauty organization where she advocated for the professionalization of black beauty culturists, donating money and materials to many historically Black colleges and universities. In return, the colleges allowed the students to be trained by Walker agents and be certified in the Walker system, a leading professional model for the entire industry. In 1924, Joyner helped to write Illinois's first cosmetology laws and in 1928 she received a patent for her permanent wave machine, invented to make the process of hair straightening easier. Joyner was able to use her considerable business acumen to take part in the long Civil Rights Movement, forging relationships with First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, and, through her partnership with McLeod Bethune, gaining membership on the Democratic National Committee in the 1930s. She later went on to become, in 1935, one of the founding members of Bethune's National Council of Negro Women. Joyner served as the chair of Chicago Defender Charities, and as president of its annual Bud Billiken Parade -- the largest African American parade event in the United States -- from the 1930s through the 1980s. As the leader of the Chicago Defender Charities, founded in 1945, she led its efforts to provide food and clothing to some of the neediest African American families in the city. Along with her work with the Defender, Joyner was a founding member of Chicago's Cosmopolitan Community Church and on the board of numerous clubs and associations throughout her life.
  • Finding Aids Note Finding aid available in the Harsh Research Collection at Carter G. Woodson Regional Library, Chicago Public Library and on the library's web site.
  • Acquisition information Donated by Dr. Marjorie Stewart Joyner, 1992.
  • Names
    • Joyner, Marjorie Stewart, 1896-1994 Archives.
    • Bethune-Cookman College (Daytona Beach, Fla.) Sources.
    • United Beauty School Owners and Teachers Association Sources.
    • Cosmopolitan Church of Prayer (Chicago, Ill.) Sources.
  • Uniform Title Chicago defender Sources.
  • Subjects
    • African American beauty operators Illinois Chicago.
    • African American business enterprises Illinois Chicago.
    • Beauty culture Political aspects Illinois Chicago.
    • African American women political activists Illinois Chicago.
    • African American newspapers Illinois Chicago.
  • Finding aid URL http://www.chipublib.org/fa-marjorie-stewart-joyner-papers/